What is Diabetes ?

Diabetes is a rapidly growing epidemic !

In the United States about 29.1 million people or 9.3 % of the population have diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes (Source CDC: 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report). Experts and Researchers predict that in the USA alone about 75 million people are at risk to develop Diabetes Type 2 during their lifetime. 

 

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels. Two main forms can be distinguished: Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

 

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease during which the immune system destroys the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but development in children happens much faster than in older age.

 

The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, which was previously referred to as „adult onset diabetes“. However, young people may be affected, too.

The cause of type 2 diabetes are hereditary factors in association with obesity and lack of exercise. This leads to a complex disorder of insulin production in combination with an impaired insulin action (insulin resistance). In consequence the body responds less and less to insulin, and the sugar in the blood cannot enter into the cells. The increasing blood sugar can cause long-term damage to blood vessels and nerves.


The most important long-term complications of type 2 diabetes are arteriosclerosis, leading to heart attack or stroke, kidney failure, nerve damage, retinal damage, or erectile dysfunction. Some of these disorders can occur at a very early stage of diabetes – sometimes in a pre-diabetes stage when the blood sugar is not elevated. Sooner or later in life of a diabetes gene carrier, the ß-cell function deteriorates and the cells start to deliver the insulin with a wrong timing (timing secretion disorder), and in consequence they have to produce much more insulin to maintain glucose in the normal level (quantitative secretion disorder).