Posts from 2016-11-16

7% of People with Diabetes are at risk of Blindness

14. November 2016 marks World Diabetes Day. This years theme -Eyes on Diabetes- is a reminder, that diabetes is among the leading causes of blindness and visual impairment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. The most common is type 2 diabetes, usually in adults, which occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn't make enough insulin. In the past three decades the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen dramatically in countries of all income levels. Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin by itself. For people living with diabetes, access to affordable treatment, including insulin, is critical to their survival. There is a globally agreed target to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025. 

Which region has the highest prevalence of diabetes and why?

The North America and Caribbean Region has the highest regional prevalence of diabetes. In this region, 1 in 8 adults has diabetes.

Increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes is associated with higher levels of urbanisation, ageing populations, more sedentary lifestyles, and a higher intake of sugar.

Source: Diabetes Atlas / International Diabetes Federation

Practical Example Treatment Diabetes Type2

Pilots and Diabetes

Like other professionals working in the personal transportation business, airline pilots with diabetes have to comply with higher and more stringent treatment quality requirements than normal diabetes patients. Because of their particularly high responsibility for passenger safety, their diabetes has to be excellently controlled, but their treatment cannot include drugs, which induce a risk for hypoglycemia during a flight with the plane.